24, 1809, Madison County, Kentucky
23, 1868, (age 58) Fort Lyon, Colorado
Houston "Kit" Carson was an
What do you know about Kit Carson? Try this
US Old West History Made Easy Quiz. "Check
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
1. Carson was eight years old when his father was
killed while clearing land. What was the cause of death?
- Indian attack
- Falling tree
- Small pox
2. At age 14, Kit was apprenticed to a saddlemaker
(Workman's Saddleshop) in the settlement of Franklin, Missouri. Franklin
was situated at the eastern end of what trail, which had opened two
- Santa Fe Trail
- Oregon Trail
- Overland Trail
3. During the winter of 1826-1827 he stayed with a
trapper and explorer, in Taos, New Mexico, then known as the capital of
the fur trade in the Southwest.
- Matthew Kinkead
- Amos Moses
- Frank Skinner
4. Accompanied by Singing Grass [Waa-Nibe], he
worked with the Hudson's Bay Company, as well as the renowned
frontiersman Jim Bridger, trapping beaver along the Yellowstone, Powder,
and Big Horn Rivers, and was found throughout what is now Colorado,
Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana. Carson's first child, a daughter
named Adeline, was born in 1837. Singing Grass gave birth to a second
daughter and developed a fever shortly after the child's birth, and died
sometime between 1838-40.
5. By 1842 he met and became engaged to the
daughter of a prominent Taos family: Josefa Jaramillo. After receiving
instruction from Padre Antonio José Martinez, he was baptized into the
Catholic Church in 1842. When he was 34, he married 14-year-old Josefa,
his third wife. What was the wedding date?
- February 6, 1843
- February 12, 1843
- July 4, 1843
6. That summer he met an army officer on a
Missouri River steamboat in Missouri. The officer was preparing to lead
his first expedition and was looking for a guide to take him to South
Pass. Who was the officer?
- John C. Fremont
- Robert E. Lee
- Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
7. Thirty one days later on October 6, Carson
chanced to meet Stephen W. Kearny and his 300 dragoons at the deserted
village of Valverde. Kearny was under orders from the Polk
Administration to subdue both New Mexico and California, and set up
governments there. Learning that California was already conquered, he
sent 200 of his men back to Santa Fe, and ordered Carson to guide him
back to California so he could stabilize the situation there. Kearny
sent the mail on to Washington by another courier.
8. In the spring of 1864, 8,000 Navajo men, women
and children were forced to march or ride in wagons 300 miles to Fort
Sumner, New Mexico. Navajos call this "The Long Walk."
Although Carson had ridden home before the march began, he was held
responsible by the Navajo for breaking his word that those who
surrendered would not be harmed. As many as 300 died along the way, and
many more during the next four years of imprisonment. In 1868, after
signing a treaty with the U.S. government, remaining Navajos were
allowed to return to a reduced area of their homeland, where the Navajo
Reservation exists today. Thousands of other Navajo who had been living
in the wilderness returned to the Navajo homeland centered around Canyon
de Chelly. What do the Navajos call this?
- "The Long Walk"
- "The Devil's Trail"
- "Death on the Trail"
9. When the Civil War ended, and with the Indian
campaigns successfully concluded, Carson left the army and took up
ranching, finally settling in Boggsville, Colorado (near the current Las
Animas on the Purgatory River). Carson died at age 58 from an in the
surgeon's quarters in Fort Lyon, Colorado, located east of Las Animas.
What was the cause of death?
- Aortic aneurysm
- Lung cancer
- Following Tree
10. Where is Kit Carson buried?
- Kit Carson Cemetery, Taos, New Mexico
- Kit Carson Cemetery, Santa Fe, New Mexico
- Kit Carson Cemetery, Boggsville, Colorado