What do you know about Geronimo?
US Old West History Made Easy Quiz. "Check
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
1) What present-day state was Geronimo born in on
June 16, 1829?
2) Allegedly "Geronimo" was the name
given to him during a Mexican incident, but his real name was Goyaałť
from the Chiricahua language meaning "one who yawns"; often spelled
Goyathlay or Goyahkla in English.
3) What band of Apaches did Goyathlay
(Geronimo) belong too?
- White Mountain
4) On March 5, 1851, a company of 400
Mexican soldiers from Sonora led by Colonel Josť Maria Carrasco attacked
Geronimo's camp outside Janos while the men were in town trading. Among
those killed were Geronimo's wife, Alope, his children, and his mother.
His chief sent him after the Mexican soldiers.
Who was his
- Mangas Coloradas
5) While Geronimo said he was never a
chief, he was a military leader.
As a Chiricahua Apache,
what was Geronimo?
- Chief of Staff
- Medicine Man
6) It was the Mexicans who named him
Geronimo. This appellation stemmed from a battle in which he repeatedly
attacked Mexican soldiers with a knife, ignoring a deadly hail of
bullets, in reference to the Mexicans' plea to Saint Jerome ("Jeronimo!").
7) Though outnumbered, Geronimo
fought against both Mexican and United States troops and became famous
for his daring exploits and numerous escapes from capture from 1858 to
1886. Later in 1861, Mangas Coloradas and Cochise, his son-in-law,
struck an alliance, agreeing to drive all Anglo-Americans out of Apache
territory. They were joined in their effort by the chief Juh and the
famous warrior Geronimo.
8) After two decades of guerrilla
warfare, Cochise, one of the leaders of the Chiricaua band, chose to
make peace and agreed to relocate to a reservation in the Chiricahua
Mountains. Not long afterward, Cochise died.
did Cochise die?
9) In a change of policy, the U.S.
government decided to move the Chiricahuas to the San Carlos
reservation. Half of them complied and the other half, led by
Geronimo, escaped to Mexico. The U.S. captured Geronimo and
brought him to the San Carlos reservation. He stayed there until
September 1881, when a gathering of soldiers around the reservation
caused him to fear that he would be imprisoned for his past deeds.
How many Apaches left with him?
10) In 1886, General Nelson A. Miles
selected Captain Henry Lawton, in command of B Troop, 4th Cavalry, at
Ft. Huachuca to lead the expedition that captured Geronimo and his small
band. They evaded 5,000 U.S. troops (a quarter of the army at the
time) and many units of the Mexican army for a year.
many men, women, and children were in Geronimo's band?
11) Geronimo and other warriors were
sent as prisoners to Fort Pickens, Florida, and his family was sent to
Fort Marion. They were reunited in May 1887.
did Geronimo and his family come to live in Fort Sill, Oklahoma?
12) In his old age, Geronimo became a
celebrity. He appeared at fairs, including the 1904 World's Fair in St.
Louis, and sold souvenirs and photographs of himself. However, he was
not allowed to return to the land of his birth. He also rode in
President Theodore Roosevelt's 1905 inaugural parade.
13). One night, in a drunken stupor,
he fell asleep and out of his wagon in the middle of a road near Lawton,
Oklahoma, during a rainstorm. Catching pneumonia, he died within a day.
died at the age of 79 in Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
was the date of his death?
February 17, 1908
February 17, 1909
February 17, 1910
15) Where is Geronimo
- Beef Creek Apache Cemetery, Lawton, Oklahoma
- Ashes scattered at sea off Coney Island, NY
- General Grant National Memorial, Manhattan, New