November 11, 1811
Died: March 7, 1862 (age 51)
He was a soldier in the Texas Revolution, a Texas
Ranger, a U.S. marshal, and a brigadier general in the army of the
Confederate States during the American Civil War.
What do you know about
Benjamin McCulloch? Try this
US Old West History Made Easy Quiz. "Check
Your Answers" at the end of the page.
1. Where was McCulloch born on November 11, 1811?
- Rutherford County, Tennessee
- Harrison County, West Virginia
- Rutherford County, Ohio
2. Ben contracted measles and was bedridden for
several weeks. He planned to go to Texas with a family friend and his
men, however, the group left without him. Who did McCulloch plan to go
to Texas with?
- Jim Bowie
- Davy Crockett
- Mark Reynolds
3. McCulloch joined the Texas army under Sam
Houston in its retreat to east Texas. Assigned to Captain Isaac N.
Moreland's artillery company at the Battle of San Jacinto (April 21,
1836), he commanded one of the "Twin Sisters" -- two
six-pounder cannon. What citizens sent the cannon to aid the Texans?
- New York City
4. He joined the Texas Rangers as lieutenant to
Captain John Coffee "Jack" Hays. He acquired a reputation as
an Indian fighter, favoring shotguns, pistols, and Bowie knives to the
regulation saber and carbine.
5. McCulloch served as a scout for Capt. Hays's
Rangers. He and his brother, Henry, subsequently took part in the failed
Somervell expedition and both escaped very shortly before most of the
Texans were captured at Mier, Mexico in Tamaulipas. What was the date?
- December 5, 1842
- December 15, 1842
- December 25, 1842
6. In 1852, President Franklin Pierce promised him
command of the U.S. Second Cavalry. However who did Secretary of War
Jefferson Davis gave it to instead?
- Albert Sidney Johnston
- Robert E. Lee
- Thomas Jackson
7. McCulloch was appointed U.S. marshal for the
Eastern District of Texas in 1852, serving throughout the Pierce and
8. Texas seceded from the union on February 1,
1861 and McCulloch received a colonel's commission from Confederate
President Jefferson Davis, with the comment that "to Texans, a
moment's notice is sufficient when their State demands their
service." When did he receive the colonel's commission?
- February 14
- February 24
- March 14
9. McCulloch was placed in command of the Indian
Territory. He set up his headquarters and began piecing together an Army
of the West, with regiments from Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana. Where
was the headquarters?
- Little Rock
- Oklahoma City
10. On August 10, 1861, McCulloch's troops, though
relatively poorly armed, handily defeated the army of General Nathaniel
Lyon. What was the battle?
- Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri
- Battle of Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
- Battle of Joplin, Missouri
11. McCulloch commanded the Confederate right wing
at the Battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas (or Elkhorn Tavern). On March 7,
1862, after much maneuvering, he overran a key Union artillery battery.
Union resistance stiffened late in the morning, however, and as
McCulloch rode forward to scout out enemy positions, he was shot out of
the saddle and died instantly. McCulloch always disliked army uniforms
and was wearing a black velvet civilian suit and Wellington boots at the
time of his death. Credit for the fatal shot was claimed by sharpshooter
Peter Pelican. What was the unit?
- 36th Illinois Infantry
- 36th Tennessee Infantry
- 36th New York Infantry
12. Where is Benjamin McCulloch buried?
- Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, Texas
- Austin Memorial Park Cemetery, Austin, Texas
- Texas State Cemetery, Austin, Texas