George Washington - French and Indian War
(1754 - 1758)
1) The Ohio Company was an important vehicle
through which British investors planned to expand into the Ohio
Valley, opening new settlements and trading posts for the Indian
trade. In 1753, the French themselves began expanding their
military control into the Ohio Country, a territory already
claimed by the British colonies of Virginia and Pennsylvania.
2) The lieutenant governor of colonial
Virginia was ordered by the British government to guard the
British territorial claims including the Ohio River basin. In
late 1753, he sent George Washington, to deliver a letter asking
the French to vacate the Ohio Valley. Who was the lieutenant
governor of colonial Virginia?
3) During his trip where did Washington met
with Tanacharison (also called "Half-King") and other Iroquois
chiefs allied with England to secure their support in case of a
military conflict with the French; Washington and Tanacharison
4) Washington delivered the letter to the local
French commander Jacques Legardeur de Saint-Pierre, who
dramatically agreed to leave.
Washington kept a diary during his expedition that was printed
and made Washington's name recognizable in Virginia. Who printed
6) Washington goes back to the Ohio Country to
protect an Ohio Company's crew constructing a fort. What is the
Wheeling, West Virginia
7) The French attack and capture Washington in July 1754. He was
allowed to return with his troops to Virginia. What was the fort
8) In 1755, Washington was
the senior American aide to British General Edward Braddock on
the ill-fated Braddock expedition. This was the largest British
expedition to the colonies, and was intended to expel the French
from the Ohio Country. The French and their Indian allies
ambushed Braddock, who was mortally wounded in the battle. What
was the battle?
Battle of the Ohio
Battle of the Allegheny
Battle of New River
Battle of the Monongahela
Washington was rewarded with a commission as "Colonel of the
Virginia Regiment and Commander in Chief of all forces now
raised in the defense of His Majesty's Colony" and gave him the
task of defending Virginia's frontier. The Virginia Regiment was
the first full-time American military unit in the colonies (as
opposed to part-time militias and the British regular units).
What was the year?
1758, Washington participated in the Forbes Expedition to
capture Fort Duquesne. He was embarrassed by a friendly fire
episode in which his unit and another British unit thought the
other was the French enemy and opened fire, with 14 dead and 26
wounded in the mishap. Washington was not involved in any other
major fighting on the expedition, and the British scored a major
strategic victory, gaining control of the Ohio Valley, when the
French abandoned the fort. Following the expedition, he retired
from his Virginia Regiment commission in December 1758. When did
Washington return to a military life?