Lexington and Concord March
What do you know about
Battle of Lexington during the American Revolutionary War?
American Revolutionary War - U.S. History Made
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1) The British Army's
infantry had occupied Boston since 1768 and had been augmented
by naval forces and marines to enforce the Intolerable Acts,
which had been passed by the British Parliament to punish the
Province of Massachusetts Bay for the Boston Tea Party and
other acts of protest.
What was the British Army's
2) The colonists had been
forming militias of various sorts since the 17th century, at
first primarily for defense against local native attacks.
These forces were also called to action in the French and
Indian War in the 1750s and 1760s. They were generally
local militias, nominally under the jurisdiction of the
3) On April 14, 1775,
General Thomas Gage received instructions from Secretary of
State William Legge, the Earl of Dartmouth to disarm the
rebels, who were known to have hidden weapons in Concord, and
to imprison the rebellion's leaders.
Samuel Adams, who was also an
important rebel leader?
received orders from Gage on the afternoon of April 18 with
instructions that he was not to read them until his troops
Lieutenant Colonel Malcolm Adams
Lieutenant Colonel John Josephs
Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith
5) The rebellion's
ringleaders, with the exception of one or two, had all left
Boston by April 8. They had received word of Dartmouth's
secret instructions to General Gage from sources in London
long before they had reached Gage himself.
Who was left in
6) Who covered the southern land
route by horseback across Boston Neck and over the Great
Bridge to Lexington?
7) Paul Revere first
gave instructions to send a signal to Charlestown and then he
traveled the northern water route. He crossed the Charles
River by rowboat, slipping past the British warship HMS
Somerset at anchor. Crossings were banned at that hour,
but Revere safely landed in Charlestown and rode to Lexington,
avoiding a British patrol and later warning almost every house
along the route. The warned men and the Charlestown colonists
dispatched additional riders to the north.
8) The British began to
awaken their troops at 9 p.m. on the night of April 18 and
assembled them on the water's edge on the western end of
Boston Common by 10 p.m. The boats used were naval barges that
were packed so tightly that there was no room to sit down.
When they disembarked at Phipps Farm in present day Cambridge,
it was into waist-deep water at midnight.
9) After a lengthy halt to
unload their gear, the regulars began their 17 miles march to
Concord at about 2 a.m. During the wait they were provided
with extra ammunition, and cold salt pork.
where they given to eat?
Hard sea biscuits
10) At about 3 a.m.,
Colonel Smith sent ahead six companies of light infantry under
orders to quick march to Concord. At about 4 a.m., he made the
decision to send a messenger back to Boston asking for
Who did Smith send to command the
troops marching to Concord?
Major Hugh Laurie
Major John Pitcairn
Major Sean MacQueeny