Battle of Bunker Hill
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Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War?
American Revolutionary War - U.S. History Made
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1) Boston, situated on a peninsula, was largely protected
from close approach by the expanses of water surrounding it,
which were dominated by British warships. In the aftermath of
the battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775, the
colonial militia, a force of about 15,000 men had surrounded
the town, and effectively besieged it. They controlled the
only land access to Boston itself (the Roxbury Neck), but,
lacking a navy, were unable to control or even contest British
domination of the waters of the harbor.
Who commanded the
2) On June 15, the Massachusetts Committee of Safety
decided that additional defenses needed to be erected.
directed to set up defenses on the Charlestown Peninsula,
specifically on Bunker Hill?
General Adam Irontree
General Israel Putnam
General Amos Morgan
3) The orders called for building fortifications on Bunker
However, where did they end up building their
4) When the colonists suffered their first casualty, a
young private killed by cannon fire, Prescott gave orders to
bury the man quickly and quietly, but a large group of men
gave him a solemn funeral instead, with several deserting
Who was the young private?
5) The colonists inflicted heavy casualties on the
regulars, especially targeting the red-clad officers, using
the fence to steady and aim their muskets. With the fence, the
colonists had a considerable advantage; they could fire, and
use the fence as cover while the regulars were exposed in open
ground. The colonists also did not fire in volleys. This meant
that there was a constant stream of fire coming from their
position, while the regulars were under orders to fire in
unison. With this devastating barrage of musket fire, the
regulars retreated in disarray, and the militia held their
6) The regulars reformed on the field and marched out
again. This time, Sir Robert Pigot was not to feint; he was to
assault the redoubt, possibly without the assistance of
William Howe's force. Howe, instead of marching against John
Stark's position along the beach, marched instead against
Thomas Knowlton's position along the rail fence. The outcome
of the second attack was much the same as the first.
7) The third assault, concentrated on the Breed's Hill
redoubt (with only a feint on the colonists' flank), was
successful, although the colonists again poured musket fire
into the British ranks, and it cost the life of Major
Pitcairn. The defenders had run out of ammunition, reducing
the battle to close combat. The British had the advantage once
they entered the redoubt, as their troops were equipped with
bayonets on their muskets while most of the colonists were
8) What colonist was killed during the retreat from the
Breed's Hill redoubt?
9) General Israel Putnam attempted to reform the troops on
Bunker Hill; however the flight of the colonial forces was so
rapid that artillery pieces and entrenching tools had to be
abandoned. The colonists suffered most of their casualties
during the retreat on Bunker Hill. By 5 pm, the colonists had
retreated over the Charlestown Neck to fortified positions in
Cambridge, and the British were in control of the peninsula.
What time had the colonist reached Charleston Neck?
10) When news of the battle spread through the colonies, it
was reported as a colonial loss, as the ground had been taken
by the enemy, and significant casualties were incurred. George
Washington, who was on his way to Boston as the new commander
of the Continental Army.
Where was Washington when he got he
New York City