Washington Crossing of the Delaware River
on December 25, 1776 during the American Revolutionary War, it
is the first move in a surprise attack against the Hessian
forces in Trenton, New Jersey at the Battle of Trenton.
What do you know about
Washington Crossing of the Delaware River?
American Revolutionary War - U.S. History Made
Easy Trivia quiz.
"Check Your Answers"
at the end of the page.
Take 2 points for each right
answer. Maximum this page: 20 points!
After securing the army safely in Pennsylvania,
Washington's next task was to feed, water, house, and prepare
them. He also had to plan his next move. He occupied a house
at Summerseat across from Trenton, New Jersey while his men
were quartered near McKonkey's Ferry.
What is Summerseat known
2) Because of the temporary nature of the camp the exact
location of the troops is uncertain, but local tradition
places them near the Thompson-Neely House. The entire area was
farmland and given the time of year there would have been much
available open space for an encampment. From a military
standpoint, the main camp near the Thompson-Neely House would
have made perfect sense. It is about midway between McKonkey's
Ferry and Coryell's Ferry. It was at Coryell's Ferry that the
main road from Philadelphia to New York passed.
What is Coryell's Ferry known as today?
3) Washington's final plan was for a three pronged attack
on Trenton with his troops at the center. A second column
under Lieutenant Colonel John Cadwalader was to cross at
Dunk's Ferry, near Bristol, Pennsylvania and engage the
Hessian outpost at Mount Holly, New Jersey. A third column
under Brigadier General James Ewing was to cross at Trenton
Ferry and hold a position just south of Trenton in order to
prevent the escape of the Hessian force in Trenton. Once
Trenton was secure, the combined army would move against the
British posts in Princeton and New Brunswick.
4) When Washington's army first arrived at McKonkey's Ferry
he had about , although 1,700 soldiers were unfit for duty and
needed hospital care. In the retreat across New Jersey
Washington had lost precious supplies as well as losing
contact with two important divisions of his army.
What was the
size of his army?
2,500 - 3,000 men
5,000 - 6,000 men
10,000 - 12,000 men
5) Washington had additional problems, including the fact
that the enlistments of his men would soon expire. What was
the date of expiration?
December 31, 1776
January 15, 1777
February 6, 1777
6) Morale was given a boost on December 19 by the
publication of a new pamphlet by Thomas Paine.
What was the
The American Crisis
Building a New America
7) On the December 20, 177, an event took place that was to
have an even better effect on morale. General Chalres Lee's
division of 2,000 arrived in camp under the command of General
John Sullivan. General Lee had been captured by the British on
December 12 when he had ventured several miles away from his
troops in search of more comfortable lodgings.
8) Washington now had 6,000 listed as
"fit-for-duty." Of this number, a large portion were
detailed to guard the ferries between Bristol and New Hope.
Another group was placed to protect supplies at Newtown,
Pennsylvania and to guard the sick and wounded who would
remain behind when the army crossed the Delaware River.
many men was Washington able to take offensive action against
the Hessian and British troops in Central New Jersey?
9) What kind of boats were used to cross the Delaware
10) On December 26 that the army completed the crossing and
it took another hour to get the troops organized for an
attack. What time was the crossing completed?