Second Raid on Schweinfurt (Black Thursday)
Second raid on Schweinfurt (also called Mission 115) took
place during World War II on October 14, 1943, when 291 B-17
Flying Fortresses of the USAAF Eighth Air Force attacked ball
bearing factories in Schweinfurt, Germany.
What do you know about
Second Raid on Schweinfurt (Black Thursday)?
Fly with this
World War II History Made Easy Quiz.
Answers" at the bottom of the page.
1. The United States had identified German aviation industries
as prime targets. The destruction of them would be key to
defeating the Luftwaffe as a prelude to liberating Europe. What
was believed to be the amount of ball bearings were produced at
2. The three American bomber divisions were to be escorted by a
single P-47 Group each, on the outward leg, and the return
journey. They had plans for a diversionary raids were made.
3. The weather hampered the Bomber formations rendezvous, and
as a result the wrong formations were in the wrong position. Much
of the American formations were spread out, offering little
protection for each other; an invitation for attacking fighters.
Jagddivision 3 was positioned to meet the bombers as
they crossed the coast. The P-47s tried to protect the scattered
bomber groups and succeeded in downing a number of Bf 109s for a
single loss, and the only P-47 loss of the day. How many Bf 109's
5. Over the Netherlands German fighters in JG 1 and 26 made
repeated attacks. In minutes, the 305th Bomb Group lost some of
its 16 B-17s. How 305th Bomb Group B-17s were lost?
6. After dropping their bombs the American bombers were almost
immediately attacked by German fighters, having landed, refueled
and rearmed, struck again. JG 11 shot down 18 B-17s during this
period. Finally, the B-17s reached the coastline of Europe and
relative safety, some of them so heavily damaged that though they
brought their crews home, they would never fly again. Gunners
aboard the bombers claimed to have shot down 138 German fighters;
only 38 were lost.
7. How many B-17s were lost on the raid?
- 55 B-17s
- 77 B-17s
- 95 B-17s
8. How many bombers landed with no damage?
- 33 bombers
- 55 bombers
- 77 bombers
9. What was the loss rate of the 305th Bomb Group?
10. Raids on Schweinfurt resumed in February, 1944 during what
came to be known as "Big Week," with P-51 Mustang
fighters escorting the American heavies all the way to and from