Operation Tidal Wave - Raid on
What do you know about
Operation Tidal Wave (Poliesti Raid)?
Fly with this
World War II History Made Easy Quiz.
Answers" at the bottom of the page.
Who was in overall command of American forces during the mission?
- Brigadier General Mark Reynolds
- Brigadier General George Macon
- Brigadier General Uzal Girard Ent
2. The 9th Air Force was
responsible for the overall conduct for the raid, providing the
98th and 376th Bomb Groups to this effect. The as yet partially
formed 8th Air Force would provide three additional bomb groups,
the 44th, 93rd, and 389th to round out the mission force.
3. The arrival of the five
groups would be synchronized to strike seven targets in the
Ploiesti oil fields simultaneously. Who developed the
plan relying on a day-light, low-level approach to the target area
in order to counter German radar coverage?
- Col. Jacob E. Smart
- Col. Michael McWeeney
- Col. Ted Baxter
4. The strike force was planned
for August 1, 1943 and was to consist of 178 aircraft, a total of
1,764 personnel, being one of the largest commitments of American
heavy bombers and crewmen up to that time. The mission route would
take the mission force from their airfields around across the
Mediterranean and Adriatic, past the island of Corfu, over the
Pindus Mountains of Albania and across southern Yugoslavia.
Following a series of pre-determined way points the formation
would turn toward Ploiesti and simultaneously strike their
multiple targets from the north. Where was the
location of the flights?
- Tripoli, Libya
- Cario, Egypt
- Benghazi, Libya
5. Col. Keith K. Compton
and Gen. Ent would make a navigational judgment that would prove
especially costly. At Targoviste, halfway to the next way point at
Floresti, Compton confused a railway line for the correct turn
toward Ploiesti, setting his group and Lt. Col. Addison Baker's
93rd Bomb Group on a new course. Where were they headed
- Bucharest, Romania
- Rome, Italy
- Vienna, Austria
6. Lt. Col. Addison Baker
and his co-pilot Maj. John L. Jerstad were awarded Medal of
Honors. What was the name of their B-24?
- Victory Europe
- Esther's Wrath
- Hell's Wench
7. Once over Ploieşti,
Gen. Ent continued to add to the already confused nature of the
operation, effectively changing the intended target of the 376th
based on his assessment that air defenses were too heavy over the
376th's intended target at the Romana Americana refinery. Compton
was instructed to take his group and attack what Ent called
"targets of opportunity."
8. How many airmen were awarded Medal of
Honors for the raid?
- 3 airmen
- 5 airmen
- 10 airmen
9. Losses included 53 aircraft,
44 of which were to German and Romanian air defenses. Additional
aircraft would be forced ditch in the Mediterranean or divert to
other bases such as the RAF airfield at Corfu. A few would land
and be interned in neutral Turkey. Of the aircrews, 440 men were
killed, and a further 220 were taken prisoner. What has
the raid become known as?
- Black Widow
- Black Sunday
- Black Raid
10. Allied assessment of the
attack estimated an immediate loss of 66% of cracking abilities at
the Ploesti refineries. Although damage at a number of the primary
targets was severe, others escaped largely untouched. How
soon were the refineries back to pre-raid production?