Born: January 1, 1907, Chicago, Illinois
Died: August 1, 1943 (age 36), KIA over Ploiesti, Romania
Colonel Addison Earl Baker was commander of the 93rd Bombardment
Group (Heavy) in the U.S. Army Air Forces who led the group on the
low-altitude Allied bombing mission of oil refineries at Ploiesti,
Romania, Operation Tidal Wave.
For his actions during World War II he received the United States of
America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor.
What do you know about Medal of Honor recipient
Addison Earl Baker? Try this World War-2 Medal of Honor Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the bottom of the page.
1. What military unit did he serve before being called to active duty
2. He was commander of 93rd Bomber Group, Eighth Air Force.
3. What was the name of the bomber he flew on the Ploiesti Raid?
4. He flew bomber (Serial 42-40994) on the raid.
What bomber model
was flown on the mission?
5. On a daring low-level attack against enemy oil refineries and
installations at Ploesti, Rumania. Approaching the target, his aircraft
was hit by a large caliber antiaircraft shell, seriously damaged and set
on fire. Ignoring the fact he was flying over terrain suitable for safe
landing, he refused to jeopardize the mission by breaking up the lead
formation and continued unswervingly to lead his group to the target
upon which he dropped his bombs with devastating effect.
6. Baker broke formation to avoid a mid-air collision with bombers
from the lead group, now arriving in the target area from the opposite
direction. He attempted to gain altitude so that his crew could escape
by parachute, but despite his efforts, his bomber crashed and exploded,
killing Baker and the other nine airmen aboard.
7. When was Baker posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor?
March 11, 1944
March 11, 1945
March 11, 1946
8. Where is Addison Baker buried?
- Body lost or destroyed, remains never found
- Illinois National Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois
- Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia