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Battle of Iwo Jima I
(February 19 – March 26, 1945)

The Battle of Iwo Jima (February 19 – March 26, 1945), or Operation Detachment, was a battle in which the United States fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Empire of Japan. The U.S. invasion, charged with the mission of capturing the three airfields on Iwo Jima, resulted in some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II.

What do you know about the Battle of Iwo Jima?  
Try this World War II History Quiz
"Check Your Answers" at the bottom of the page.

Japan Prepares for Battle on Iwo Jima

1) In June 1944, who was made commander of the Japanese forces on Iwo Jima?Alan's Dad (WW2 Vet) - Trivia powered by ABE

  1. Tadamichi Kuribayashi
  2. TakeichiiNishii
  3. HideyoshiiObataa

2) When the Japanese commander arrived, some 80 fighter aircraft were stationed on Iwo Jima, but by early July only four remained.

  • True or False?

3) It had been decided that all civilians would remain on Iwo Jima.

  • True or False?

4) Artillery, mortars, and rockets would be emplaced on the foot and slopes the island’s mountains , as well as in the high ground to the north.
What is NOT a location for the artillery, mortars, and rockets?

  1. Chidori airfield
  2. Mount Suribachi
  3. Kitno Point

5) With the fall of Saipan, 2,700 men of an infantry regiment, commanded by Colonel Masuo Ikeda, were diverted to Iwo Jima.
What was the regiment?

  1. 125th Infantry Regiment
  2. 135th Infantry Regiment
  3. 145th Infantry Regiment

6) On August 10, 1944, a Japanese rear admiral reached Iwo Jima, shortly followed by 2,216 naval personnel, including naval aviators and ground crews. The admiral, a renowned Japanese aviator, had been crippled in an airplane crash in the mid-twenties and, ever since the outbreak of the war, had chafed under repeated rear echelon assignments.
Who was the rear admiral?

  1. Rinosuke Ichimaru
  2. Jisaburō Ozawa
  3. Matome Ugaki

7) One of the results of American air attacks and naval bombardment in the early summer of 1944 had been to drive the Japanese so deep underground that eventually their defenses became virtually immune to air or naval bombardment.

  • True or False?

8) The Japanese commander established his command post in the northern part of the island, south of Kitano Point.
What was the name of the nearby village?

  1. Handa
  2. Kita
  3. Monna

9) By the end of the year, Japanese forces on Iwo Jima had available to him 361 artillery pieces of 75 mm or larger caliber, a dozen 320 mm mortars, 65 medium (150 mm) and light (81 mm) mortars, 33 naval guns 80 mm or larger, and 94 anti-aircraft guns 75 mm or larger. In addition to this formidable array of large caliber guns, the Iwo Jima defenses could boast more than 200 20 mm and 25 mm anti-aircraft guns and 69 37 mm and 47 mm antitank guns.

  • True or False?

10) In order to further strengthen the Iwo defenses, the 26th Tank Regiment, which had been stationed at Pusan, Korea after extended service in Manchuria, received orders to head for Iwo Jima.  The officer commanding this regiment was Lieutenant Colonel Baron Takeichi Nishi.  The regiment, consisting of 600 men and 28 tanks, sailed from Japan in mid-July on board the Nisshu Maru.  On July 18, 1944, as the ship, sailing in a convoy, approached Chichi Jima, it was torpedoed by an American submarine.
What American submarine sunk the Nisshu Maru?

  1. USS Cobia
  2. USS Kingfish
  3. USS Coral Sea

Japan Prepares for Battle on Iwo Jima
[Answers]

1) A.  2) True  3) False. By late July 1944, Kuribayashi had evacuated all civilians from the island.  4) C.
5) C.  6) A.  7) True  8) B.  9) True 10) A.

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