Battle of Iwo Jima I
(February 19 – March
The Battle of Iwo Jima
(February 19 – March 26, 1945), or Operation Detachment, was a
battle in which the United States fought for and captured the
island of Iwo Jima from the Empire of Japan. The U.S. invasion,
charged with the mission of capturing the three airfields on Iwo
Jima, resulted in some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific
Campaign of World War II.
What do you know about the Battle of Iwo
this World War II History Quiz.
"Check Your Answers" at the bottom
of the page.
Japan Prepares for Battle on Iwo Jima
In June 1944, who was made commander of the Japanese forces on Iwo
- Tadamichi Kuribayashi
2) When the Japanese commander
arrived, some 80 fighter aircraft were stationed on Iwo Jima, but
by early July only four remained.
3) It had been decided that
all civilians would remain on Iwo Jima.
4) Artillery, mortars, and
rockets would be emplaced on the foot and slopes the island’s
mountains , as well as in the high ground to the north.
What is NOT a location for
the artillery, mortars, and rockets?
- Chidori airfield
- Mount Suribachi
- Kitno Point
5) With the fall of Saipan, 2,700 men of an
infantry regiment, commanded by Colonel Masuo Ikeda, were diverted
to Iwo Jima.
What was the regiment?
- 125th Infantry Regiment
- 135th Infantry Regiment
- 145th Infantry Regiment
6) On August 10, 1944, a
Japanese rear admiral reached Iwo Jima, shortly followed by 2,216
naval personnel, including naval aviators and ground crews. The
admiral, a renowned Japanese aviator, had been crippled in an
airplane crash in the mid-twenties and, ever since the outbreak of
the war, had chafed under repeated rear echelon assignments.
Who was the rear admiral?
- Rinosuke Ichimaru
- Jisaburō Ozawa
- Matome Ugaki
7) One of the results of
American air attacks and naval bombardment in the early summer of
1944 had been to drive the Japanese so deep underground that
eventually their defenses became virtually immune to air or naval
8) The Japanese commander
established his command post in the northern part of the island,
south of Kitano Point.
What was the name of the nearby
9) By the end of the year,
Japanese forces on Iwo Jima had available to him 361 artillery
pieces of 75 mm or larger caliber, a dozen 320 mm mortars, 65
medium (150 mm) and light (81 mm) mortars, 33 naval guns 80 mm or
larger, and 94 anti-aircraft guns 75 mm or larger. In addition to
this formidable array of large caliber guns, the Iwo Jima defenses
could boast more than 200 20 mm and 25 mm anti-aircraft guns and
69 37 mm and 47 mm antitank guns.
10) In order to further
strengthen the Iwo defenses, the 26th Tank Regiment, which had
been stationed at Pusan, Korea after extended service in
Manchuria, received orders to head for Iwo Jima. The officer
commanding this regiment was Lieutenant Colonel Baron Takeichi
Nishi. The regiment, consisting of 600 men and 28 tanks, sailed
from Japan in mid-July on board the Nisshu Maru. On July 18, 1944,
as the ship, sailing in a convoy, approached Chichi Jima, it was
torpedoed by an American submarine.
submarine sunk the Nisshu Maru?
- USS Cobia
- USS Kingfish
- USS Coral Sea