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Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)

The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) is a family of American automatic rifles (or machine rifles) and light machine guns used by the United States and numerous other countries during the 20th century.

What do you know about the Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)? Charge with this World War II History Made Easy Trivia quiz. "Check Your Answers" at the end of the page.

Alan's Dad (WW2 Vet) - Trivia powered by ABE1) In 1917, prior to America's entry to the war, John Browning has personally brought to Washington, D.C. two types of automatic weapons for the purposes of demonstration: a water-cooled machine gun (later adopted as the M1917 Browning machine gun) and a shoulder-fired automatic rifle known then as the Browning Machine Rifle or BMR, both chambered for the standard U.S. .30-06 Springfield cartridge.  Browning has arranged for a public demonstration of both weapons at a location outside of Washington, D.C.  What is the location known as?

  • Washington Meadow
  • Congress Heights
  • Potomac Heights
  • Lee's Plantation

2) On 27 February 27, 1917, in front of a crowd of 300 people (including high-ranking military officials, Congressmen, Senators, foreign dignitaries and the press), Browning stages a live fire demonstration which so impresses the gathered crowd, that he is immediately awarded a contract for the weapon and it is hastily adopted into service (the water-cooled machine gun underwent further testing).

  • True or False?

3) On July 16, 1917, 12,000 BARs are duly ordered from Colt�s Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company who has secured an exclusive concession to manufacture the BAR under Browning's patents (Browning's U.S. Patent 1,293,022 is owned by Colt).  Colt is already producing at peak capacity and requests a delay in production while they expanded their manufacturing output with a new facility in Meriden, Connecticut. Due to the urgent need for the weapon, the request is denied.  Who is designated as the prime contractor?

  • Winchester
  • Remington
  • Smith and Wesson
  • IBM

4) In 1938�1939, work has begun on what will become the new model, accepted into service in 1940. One of the most important aspects of this modification involves removal of the semi-automatic firing capabilities of the weapon and using a rate-reducing buffer mechanism, activated by engaging the "F" position on the selector toggle. What is the model?

  • BAR1940
  • WIN1938K2
  • REM1937A7
  • M1918A2

5) The weapon's rate-reducer mechanism proves easy to clean and is not susceptible to damage from moisture and corrosion.

  • True or False?

6) What is easily removable, is often discarded by troops to save weight and improve portability.

  • tripod
  • bipod
  • nanopod
  • Riptide

7) In combat, particularly in the Pacific Theatre of war, the BAR effectively reverts to its original role as a portable, shoulder-fired automatic rifle. The BAR is often employed at the point or tail of a patrol or infantry column, where its firepower can help break contact on a jungle trail in the event of ambush.

  • True or False?

8) After a period of service, ordnance personnel begin to receive BARs with inoperable or malfunctioning recoil buffer mechanisms. This is eventually traced to the soldier's common practice of cleaning the BAR in a vertical position with the butt of the weapon on the ground, allowing cleaning fluid and burned powder to collect in the recoil buffer mechanism.

  • True or False?

9) The BAR is issued as automatic fire support for a squad, and all men are trained at the basic level how to operate and fire the weapon in case the designated operator(s) are killed or wounded.

  • True or False?

10) In 1944, USAAF Air Transport Command pilot reportedly uses a BAR to return fire against a Japanese Army Nakajima fighter that has attacked his C-46 cargo plane over the Hump in Burma. He shoves the rifle out his forward cabin window, emptying the magazine and apparently killing the Japanese pilot. Who is the USAAF pilot?

  • Captain Mark Reynolds
  • Captain Wally A. Gayda
  • Captain Bruce Allen
  • Captain Wendell Potter

11) The gun is a popular weapon for organized crime in the 1920s and '30s. Who has two in his possession when he is killed.

  • Machine Gun Kelly
  • John Dillinger
  • Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde
  • Bob Ryan

 

Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)
[Answers]

  1. Congress Heights
  2. True
  3. Winchester
  4. M1918A2
  5. False. The weapon's rate-reducer mechanism proves difficult to clean and is susceptible to damage from moisture and corrosion.
  6. bipod
  7. True
  8. True
  9. True
  10. Captain Wally A. Gayda
  11. Clyde Barrow of Bonnie and Clyde

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