that has been browned by exposure to dry heat. This
browning reaction is called the Maillard reaction.
Toasting warms the bread and also makes it firmer, so that
it holds toppings more securely. Toasting is also a common
method of making stale bread more palatable.
From Wikipedia, the
open-content textbooks collection
The usual method
of toasting bread is by the use of a toaster,
a small appliance made for that purpose. To use a modern
toaster, simply place sliced bread into the narrow slots
on the top of the toaster, tune it to the correct setting
(some toasters have more elaborate settings than others)
and push the lever down. The toast is done when the lever
pops up along with the toast. If the toast is not done to
the user's liking, press the lever down again. Originally,
toasting was not this easy; one of the first home toasting
appliances that was available would only toast one side of
the bread at a time, so the bread had to be flipped over
half way through. Bread can also be toasted under a grill
in an open oven,
or lying on an oven rack. Toaster
ovens are special small appliances made for toasting
bread or for heating small amounts of other foods.
Bread can also be toasted by holding it near but not
directly over an open flame, such as a campfire
special toasting utensils (e.g. toasting forks)
are made for this purpose. Toast is also common as a
comfort food, or as a baby's first solid food.
Toast is made
using slices of bread and hence many brands of
ready-sliced bread have become available, some
specifically marketing their suitability for toasting.
Care must be
taken while toasting bread to avoid burning
Toast is most
commonly eaten with butter
spread over it. People in some countries spread a yeast
extract, such as marmite
on toast. It may also be eaten dry or with additional or
alternative preserves, spreads
or other toppings. Toast and jam
or toast and marmalade
breakfast favorites. Toast is sometimes used instead of
fresh bread for making sandwiches.
Toast is an
important component of many breakfasts,
and is also important in some traditional bland specialty diets
for people with gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea
(such as the BRAT
diet consisting of bananas, rice, apples
Bread can also be
cubed before being toasted, sometimes after being coated
These toasted cubes are called croutons,
and are often added to salads,
and other dishes.