Amazing Cookie Facts
Did You Know?...
…That in the United States and Canada a
cookie is a small, flat, baked treat, usually containing
flour, eggs, sugar, and either butter or cooking oil, and
often including ingredients such as raisins, oats, or
…That in many other English-speaking
countries cookies are called biscuits.
…That in most English-speaking countries
outside North America, including the United Kingdom, the most
common word for this type of treat is biscuit and the term
cookie is often used to describe only certain types of
biscuits. However, in many regions both terms are used.
…That in Scotland the term cookie is
sometimes used to describe a plain bun.
…That its American name derives from the
Dutch word koekje or more precisely its informal, dialect
variant koekie which means little cake, and arrives in
American English with the Dutch settlement of New Netherland,
in the early 1600s.
…That according to the Scottish National
Dictionary, its Scottish name derives from the diminutive form
(+ suffix -ie) of the word cook, giving the Middle Scots
cookie, cooky or cu(c)kie. It also gives an alternative
etymology, from the Dutch word koekje, the diminutive of koek,
a cake. There was much trade and cultural contact across the
North Sea between the Low Countries and Scotland during the
Middle Ages, which can also be seen in the history of curling
and, perhaps, golf.
…That cookies are most commonly baked until
crisp or just long enough that they remain soft, but some
kinds of cookies are not baked at all.
…That cookies are made in a wide variety of
styles, using an array of ingredients including sugars,
spices, chocolate, butter, peanut butter, nuts, or dried
fruits. The softness of the cookie may depend on how long it
…That a general theory of cookies may be
formulated this way. Despite its descent from cakes and other
sweetened breads, the cookie in almost all its forms has
abandoned water as a medium for cohesion.
…That water in cakes serves to make the
base (in the case of cakes called "batter") as thin as
possible, which allows the bubbles – responsible for a cake's
fluffiness – to better form.
…That in the cookie, the agent of cohesion
has become some form of oil. Oils, whether they be in the form
of butter, egg yolks, vegetable oils, or lard, are much more
viscous than water and evaporate freely at a much higher
temperature than water. Thus a cake made with butter or eggs
instead of water is far denser after removal from the oven.
…That oils in baked cakes do not behave as
soda tends to in the finished result. Rather than evaporating
and thickening the mixture, they remain, saturating the
bubbles of escaped gases from what little water there might
have been in the eggs, if added, and the carbon dioxide
released by heating the baking powder. This saturation
produces the most texturally attractive feature of the cookie,
and indeed all fried foods: crispness saturated with a
moisture (namely oil) that does not sink into it.
…That cookie-like hard wafers have existed
for as long as baking is documented, in part because they deal
with travel very well, but they were usually not sweet enough
to be considered cookies by modern standards.
…That cookies appear to have their origins
in 7th century AD Persia, shortly after the use of sugar
became relatively common in the region. They spread to Europe
through the Muslim conquest of Spain. By the 14th century,
they were common in all levels of society throughout Europe,
from royal cuisine to street vendors.
…That with global travel becoming
widespread at that time, cookies makes a natural travel
companion, a modernized equivalent of the travel cakes used
…That one of the most popular early
cookies, which travels especially well and becomes known on
every continent by similar names, is the jumble, a relatively
hard cookie made largely from nuts, sweetener, and water.
…That cookies come to America through the
Dutch in New Amsterdam in the late 1620s. The Dutch word "koekje"
is Anglicized to "cookie" or cooky.
…That the earliest reference to cookies in
America is in 1703, when "The Dutch in New York provided...'in
1703...at a funeral 800 cookies...'".
…That the most common modern cookie, given
its style by the creaming of butter and sugar, is not common
until the 18th century.
Classification of cookies
…That cookies are broadly classified
according to how they are formed.
…That Bar cookies consist of batter or
other ingredients that are poured or pressed into a pan
(sometimes in multiple layers) and cut into cookie-sized
pieces after baking. In British English, bar cookies are known
as "tray bakes". Examples include brownies, fruit squares, and
bars such as date squares.
…That Drop cookies are made from a
relatively soft dough that is dropped by spoonfuls onto the
baking sheet. During baking, the mounds of dough spread and
(or oatmeal raisin) cookies, and rock cakes are popular
examples of drop cookies. In the UK, the term "cookie" often
refers only to this particular type of product.
…That Filled cookies are made from a rolled
cookie dough filled with a fruit or confectionery filling
before baking. Hamantash are a filled cookie.
…That Molded cookies are also made from a
stiffer dough that is molded into balls or cookie shapes by
hand before baking. Snickerdoodles and peanut butter cookies
are examples of molded cookies. Some cookies, such as hermits
or biscotti, are molded into large flattened loaves that are
later cut into smaller cookies.
…That No-bake cookies are made by mixing a
filler, such as cereal or nuts, into a melted confectionery
binder, shaping into cookies or bars, and allowing to cool or
harden. Oatmeal clusters and Rum balls are no-bake cookies.
…That Pressed cookies are made from a soft
dough that is extruded from a cookie press into various
decorative shapes before baking. Spritzgebäck are an example
of a pressed cookie.
…That Refrigerator cookies (also known as
icebox cookies) are made from a stiff dough that is
refrigerated to become even stiffer. The dough is typically
shaped into cylinders which are sliced into round cookies
before baking. Pinwheel cookies and those made by Pillsbury
…That Rolled cookies are made from a
stiffer dough that is rolled out and cut into shapes with a
cookie cutter. Gingerbread men are an example.
…That Sandwich cookies are rolled or
pressed cookies that are assembled as a sandwich with a sweet
filling. Fillings include marshmallow, jam, and icing. The
Oreo cookie, made of two chocolate cookies with a vanilla
icing filling, is an example.
…That Cookies also may be decorated with an
icing, especially chocolate, and closely resemble a type of
Did You Know?…/strong>
- …that West
known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities,
including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, mountain
biking and hunting?
Did You Know...US State Facts