Amazing Ice Cream Facts
Did You Know?...
…That ice cream (derived from earlier iced
cream or cream ice) is a frozen food, typically eaten as a
snack or dessert, usually made from dairy products, such as
milk and cream, and often combined with fruits or other
ingredients and flavors.
…That it is typically sweetened with
sucrose, corn syrup, cane sugar, beet sugar, and/or other
…That typically, flavorings and colorings
are added in addition to stabilizers.
…That the mixture is stirred to incorporate
air spaces and cooled below the freezing point of water to
prevent detectable ice crystals from forming. The result is a
smooth, semi-solid foam that is solid at very low temperatures
(<35 °F / 2 °C). It becomes more malleable as its temperature
…That the meaning of the phrase "ice cream"
varies from one country to another. Phrases such as "frozen
custard", "frozen yogurt", "sorbet", "gelato" and others are
used to distinguish different varieties and styles.
…That in some countries, such as the United
States, the phrase "ice cream" applies only to a specific
variety, and most governments regulate the commercial use of
the various terms according to the relative quantities of the
…That products that do not meet the
criteria to be called ice cream are labeled "frozen dairy
…That in other countries, such as Italy and
Argentina, one word is used for all variants.
…That analogues made from dairy
alternatives, such as goat's or sheep's milk, or milk
substitutes, are available for those who are lactose
intolerant, allergic to dairy protein, or vegan.
…That the most popular flavors of ice cream
in North America (based on consumer surveys) are vanilla and
…That an early reference to ice cream given
by the Oxford English Dictionary is from 1744, reprinted in a
magazine in 1877. 1744 in Pennsylvania Mag. Hist. & Biogr.
(1877) I. 126 Among the rarities..was some fine ice cream,
which, with the strawberries and milk, eat most deliciously.
…That the 1751 edition of The Art of
Cookery made Plain and Easy by Hannah Glasse features a recipe
for ice cream. OED gives her recipe: H. GLASSE Art of Cookery
(ed. 4) 333 (heading) To make Ice Cream..set it [sc. the
cream] into the larger Bason. Fill it with Ice, and a Handful
of Salt. The year 1768 saw the publication of L'Art de Bien
Faire les Glaces d'Office by M. Emy, a cookbook devoted
entirely to recipes for flavored ices and ice cream.
…That ice cream is introduced to the United
States by Quaker colonists who brought their ice cream recipes
…That confectioners sold ice cream at their
shops in New York and other cities during the colonial era.
…That Ben Franklin, George Washington, and Thomas
Jefferson are known to have regularly eaten and served ice
First Lady Dolley Madison is also closely
associated with the early history of ice cream in the United
States. One respected history of ice cream states that, as the
wife of U.S. President James Madison, she serves ice cream at
her husband's Inaugural Ball in 1813.
…That small-scale hand-cranked ice cream
freezer were invented in England by Agnes Marshall and in
Americas by Nancy Johnson in the 1840s.
Ingredients and standard quality definitions
In the USA, ice cream may have the
…That greater than 10% milk fat and usually
between 10% and as high as 16% fat in some premium ice creams.
…That 9 to 12% milk solids-not-fat: this
component, also known as the serum solids, contains the
proteins (caseins and whey proteins) and carbohydrates
(lactose) found in milk
…That 12 to 16% sweeteners: usually a
combination of sucrose and glucose-based corn syrup sweeteners
…That 0.2 to 0.5% stabilizers and
…That 55% to 64% water, which comes from
the milk or other ingredients.
…That these compositions are percentage by
…That since ice cream can contain as much
as half air by volume, these numbers may be reduced by as much
as half if cited by volume. In terms of dietary
considerations, the percentages by weight are more relevant.
…That even the low-fat products have high
caloric content: Ben and Jerry's No-Fat Vanilla Fudge contains
150 calories per half-cup due to its high sugar content.
…that West Virginia
known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities,
including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, mountain
biking and hunting?
Did You Know?...US State Facts