Did You KNOW? ...That
the term "rock and roll" now has at least two
different meanings, both in common usage. The American Heritage
Dictionary and the Merriam-Webster Dictionary both define rock and roll
as synonymous with rock music. Encyclopedia Britannica, on the other
hand, regards it as the music that originated in the mid-1950s and later
developed "into the more encompassing international style known as rock
...that the phrase "rocking and rolling" originally
described the movement of a ship on the ocean, but was used by the
early twentieth century, both to describe the spiritual fervor of
black church rituals and as a sexual analogy.
...that various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the
phrase before it became used more frequently – but still
intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what
became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience.
...that in 1942, Billboard magazine columnist Maurie
Orodenker started to use the term "rock-and-roll" to describe upbeat
recordings such as "Rock Me" by Sister Rosetta Tharpe.
...that by 1943, the "Rock
and Roll Inn" in South
Merchantville, New Jersey, was established as a music venue.
...that in 1951, Cleveland, Ohio disc jockey
began playing this music style while popularizing the phrase to