Did You Know?...That
Amazing Rock and Roll Facts
Key Artist: 1920s
…that Trixie Smith
(1895 – September 21, 1943) was an African American blues
singer, recording artist, vaudeville entertainer, and actress.
She made four dozen recordings.
…that Papa Charlie
Jackson (born William Henry Jackson c. 1885 –
1938) was an early American bluesman and songster who
accompanied himself variously with a hybrid banjo guitar, a
guitar, or a ukulele. His recording career began in 1924. Much
of his life remains a mystery, but it is probable that he was
born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and died in Chicago, Illinois
…that "Blind" Lemon Jefferson
(born Lemon Henry Jefferson; September 24, 1893 – December 19,
1929) was an American blues singer and guitarist from Texas.
He was one of the most popular blues singers of the 1920s, and
has been titled "Father of the Texas Blues".
…that Uncle Dave
Macon (born David Harrison Macon; October 7,
1870 – March 22, 1952), - also known as "The Dixie
Dewdrop"—was an American banjo player, singer, songwriter, and
comedian. He was known for his chin whiskers, plug hat, gold
teeth, and gates-ajar collar, he gained regional fame as a
vaudeville performer in the early 1920s before going on to
become the first star of the Grand Ole Opry in the latter half
of the decade.
…that Jim Jackson
(c.1884 - 1937) was an African American blues and hokum
singer, songster and guitarist, whose recordings in the late
1920s were popular and influential on later artists.
…that Ma Rainey
(born Gertrude Pridgett; April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939)
was one of the earliest known American professional blues
singers and one of the first generation of such singers to
record. She was billed as The Mother of the Blues.
…that Tampa Red
(born Hudson Woodbridge January 8, 1904 – March 19, 1981), but
known from childhood as Hudson Whittaker, was an American
Chicago blues musician.
Andrew Dorsey (July 1, 1899 –
January 23, 1993) was known as "the father of black gospel
music" and was at one time so closely associated with the
field that songs written in the new style were sometimes known
as "dorseys." Earlier in his life he was a leading blues
pianist known as Georgia Tom.
Smith, better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top
Smith (June 11, 1904 – March 15, 1929) was an American
boogie-woogie style blues pianist. His hit tune, "Pine Top's
Boogie Woogie," featured rhythmic "breaks" that were an
essential ingredient of ragtime music.
Graves (December 9, 1909, Meridian, Mississippi –
December 30, 1962, Gulfport, Mississippi) was an American
blues guitarist and singer, who recorded both sacred and
secular music in the 1920s and 1930s.