County is a county located in north-central West
Virginia. It was formed in 1843 when the region was still part
of the state of Virginia. Philippi, the county seat, was chartered
in 1844. Both county and city were named for Philip Pendleton
Barbour (1783–1841), a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and Associate
Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Battle of Philippi, also known
as the "Philippi Races", was fought in Barbour County on June 3,
1861. Although a minor action, it is generally considered the first
land engagement of the American Civil War.
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