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Fayette County, WV


Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 47,579.  Its county seat is Fayetteville.

History
Fayette County was created by Act of the Virginia General Assembly, passed February 28, 1831, from parts of Greenbrier, Kanawha, Nicholas, and Logan counties.

It was named in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, who had played a key role assisting the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.


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A substantial portion was subdivided from Fayette County to form Raleigh County in 1850. Fayette was one of 50 counties that broke off from the rest of Virginia and formed the new state of West Virginia during the American Civil War. In 1871, an Act of the West Virginia Legislature severed a small portion to form part of Summers County.

Fayette County was home to a disastrous mine explosion in March 1900, in which 46 miners were killed.

[edit] Geography
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 668 square miles (1,730.1 km2), of which 664 square miles (1,719.8 km2) is land and 4 square miles (10.4 km2) (0.66%) is water. Plum Orchard Lake, a reservoir southwest of Oak Hill, is the second largest lake in West Virginia.

Cities and Towns
Incorporated cities and towns

Town of Ansted
Lochgelly, West Virginia
Town of Fayetteville
Town of Gauley Bridge
Town of Meadow Bridge
City of Montgomery (part)
City of Mount Hope
City of Oak Hill
Town of Pax
City of Smithers (part)
Town of Thurmond

Unincorporated communities
Agnew
Alloy
Alta
Beards Fork
Beckwith
Boomer
Boonesborough
Brooklyn
Cannelton
Carlisle
Charlton Heights
Chimney Corner
Clifftop
Columbia
Cunard
Danese
Deep Water
Dempsey
Dothan
Eagle
Edmond
Elkridge
Fayette
Glen Ferris
Glen Jean
Greentown
Hamilton
Harvey
Hico
Hilltop
Hopewell
Jodie
Kanawha Falls
Kimberly
Kincaid
Kingston
Landisburg
Lansing
Layland
Lochgelly
Lookout
MacDunn
Mahan
Marvel
Minden
Montgomery Heights
Mount Carbon
Mossy
Nallen
North Page
Nutall
Oak Ridge
Page
Paint Creek
Pine Grove
Powellton
Prince
Red Star
Robson
Russellville
Sanger
Scarbro
Toney Creek
Victor
Whipple
Winona
Wriston

Economy
The county has a tradition of coal mining, which still serves as a primary source of employment in the area.  A Georgia Pacific lumber mill has its home to the west of Mt. Hope, adjacent to U.S. Route 19.  There exists a large metal alloy plant in Alloy.  Mount Olive State Prison, a source of many jobs, is also in Fayette County.

See also
Babcock State Park
Beury Mountain Wildlife Management Area
Bridge Day
Hawks Nest State Park
Plum Orchard Lake Wildlife Management Area

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