During the Civil War, the
majority of the people in Fayetteville were in sympathy with the
Southern cause. Fayetteville changed hands several times during the
war and was partially destroyed during the fighting.
In 1897 the Fayette County
Courthouse was completed and is a remarkable example of the
Romanesque Revival architectural style.
Fayetteville grew rapidly in the
late 19th century thanks mainly to the coal industry. The mining
industry declined in the late 20th century. Fayetteville’s economy
now is almost completely based on the tourism industry. Popular
activities include white water rafting, fishing, mountain biking,
and rock climbing in the region. Also, the New River Gorge
Bridge hosts annual celebration, "Bridge Day," which is held on the
third Saturday of October.
The New River Gorge Bridge is the
longest arch bridge in the western hemisphere; its creation made
traveling on 19N much easier, turning a 45-minute sojourn from one
side of the gorge to the other into a roughly 45-second jaunt.
The New River is the second oldest river in the world and is one of
many rivers to flow north.